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 Chartism Test Questions: 2

Extract A: Unanimous resolution of the London Democratic Association, 28 February, 1839; Harney in the chair. 

Moved by  ---- Coombe, seconded by Joseph Fisher - Resolved: That this meeting is of opinion that the People's Charter could be established as the law of the land, within one month from the present time, provided the people and their leaders do their duty, and this meeting is further of opinion, that it is essentially just, and indispensably necessary to meet all acts of oppression, with immediate resistance. 

It was further unanimously resolved on the motion of William Ryder, seconded by Richard Marsden Resolved That this meeting convey to the General Convention, their opinion that for the due discharge of the duties of the Convention it is essentially necessary, that there be no delay, except what may be absolutely necessary in the presentation of the National Petition, and we hold it to be the duty of the Convention, to impress upon the people the necessity of an immediate preparation for ulterior measures.

Extract B: "A visit to the National Convention" - The Chartist, 12 March 1839.

We left the National Assembly Hall impressed with a very high admiration of the business-like, quiet, and respectable manner in which all their proceedings were carried on, and the spirit which pervaded their assembly.  It was evident that a class of elderly, bald-headed men, of whom one of the delegates from Lancashire may be mentioned as a good specimen, are the brains of the Convention, and direct everything except its tongue. The tongue, however, was always an unruly member, and they have provided against this as well as they can by resolving that they will not collectively be held answerable for what any member may say.

Questions 

  1. What demands were made by the Peoples' Charter? 
  2. According to source A, how was the Charter to become law within one month?
  3. What 'ulterior measures' did the Chartists propose? 
  4. What evidence is there in source B to suggest that most Chartists at the Convention opposed Harney? 
  5. According to. source B, what sort of men were the 'brains' of the Convention? 
  6. The Chartists soon divided over aims and methods. What disagreements emerged at the London Convention in 1839 and with what results?
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