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The Age of George III

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Weights and measures before decimalisation

Before the decimalisation of almost everything, Great Britain worked in a variety of weights and measures. The currency was also very different from elsewhere in the world. The following tables are intended to try to explain some of the weights and measures.

Imperial   Metric
 
Measurements of Length
1 inch  

2.54 cm

12 inches = 1 foot 30.5 cm
3 feet = 1 yard 91.44 cm
36 inches = 1 yard 91.44 cm
5½ yards or 16½ feet = 1 rod, perch or pole 5.0292 metres
22 yards or 100 links = 1 chain 20.12 metres
10 chains or 220 yards = 1 furlong 0.2 km
1760 yards)
80 chains)
8 furlongs)
= 1 mile 1.6 km
3 miles = 1 league  
 
Measurements of weight
16 oz [ounces]
= 1 lb. [pound]
 
14 lbs.
= 1 stone
 
2 stones
= 1 quarter
 
4 quarters
= 1 cwt [hundredweight]
 
20 cwt.
= 1 ton
 
     
Liquid Measure
4 gills = 1 pint 1.8 ml
2 pints = 1 quart 1.13 l litre
4 quarts = 1 gallon 4.54 litres
52½ gallons = 1 hogshead  
     
Dry Measure    
4 gills = 1 pint 1.8 ml
2 pints = 1 quart 1.13 l litre
4 quarts = 1 gallon 4.54 litres
2 gallons = 1 peck 9.1 litres
4 pecks = 1 bushel 36.4 litres

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Last modified 12 January, 2016

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