The Greville Memoirs

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The Greville Memoirs

Volume III


Dinner at Greenwich — Monk Lewis — The King's Letter — Lord Althorp V Finance — Salutes to the Royal Family — Death of Lord Dover — His Character — Lyndhurst and Brougham on the Local Courts Bill — Charles Napier captures the Miguelite Fleet — The Irish Church Bill — The Duke of Wellington and the Bonapartes — Blount's Preaching — Sir Robert Peel on Political Unions — Mr. George Villiers appointed to Madrid — Duke of Richmond — Suspension Clause in Irish Church Bill — Apprenticeship Clause in West India Bill — State of House of Commons — Lucien and Joseph Bonaparte — Lord Plunket — Denis Lemarchant — Brougham and Sugden — Princess Lieven — Anecdotes of the Emperor Nicholas — Affairs of Portugal — Don Miguel at Strathfieldsaye — Prorogation of Parliament — Results of the Reform Bill


The Speaker a Knight of the Bath — Lord Wellesley Lord Lieutenant of Ireland — M.Thiers in England — Prince Esterhazy's Opinion of the State of England — Queen of Portugal at Windsor — The Duke of Leuchtenberg — Macaulay and Sydney Smith — Brougham's Anecdotes of Queen Caroline — Judicial Committee of the Privy Council — Sir Stratford Canning and M. Dedel — Sydney Smith and the 'Siege of Saragossa' — Edward Irving — The Unknown Tongues — Tribute to Lord Eldon — W. J. Fox — Lord Tavistock on the Prospects of his Party — Moore at the State Paper Office — Russia and England — Belvoir Castle — The Duke of Wellington at Belvoir — Visit to Mrs. Arkwright — Sir Thomas Lawrence and the Misses Siddons — A Murder at Runton — Sandon — Lord and Lady Harrowby — Burghley — Railroads talked of — Gloomy Tory Prognostications — State of Spain — Parliament opens — Quarrel of Shell and Lord Althorp — Unpopularity of Lord Palmerston — Mrs. Somerville — O'Connell's Attack on Baron Smith — Lord Althorp's Budget — The Pension List — Lord Althorp as Leader of the House — Sir R. Peel's Position in the House — Meeting of Supporters of Government — Mr. Villiers on the State of Spain — Predicament of Horne, the Attorney-General


Spain — Russia and Turkey — Sir R. Peel's Pictures — Peel and Stanley — Lord Brougham's Judicial Changes — Lord Brougham's Defence — Admission of Dissenters to the Universities — Lord Denman's Peerage — Growing Ascendancy of Peel — An Apology for Lord Brougham — Personal Reflections — Crime in Dorsetshire — Spain and Portugal — Procession of the Trades' Unions — Lady Hertford's Funeral — Petition of the London University for a Charter — Repeal of the Union — Excitement of the King — Brougham and Eldon at the Privy Council — Duke of Wellington's Aversion to the Whigs — Lord Brougham and Lord Wynford — Fête at Petworth — Lord Brougham's Conduct on the Pluralities Bill — Crisis in the Cahinet — Prince Lieven recalled — Stanley, Graham, and the Duke of Richmond resign on the Irish Church Bill — History of the Crisis — Ward's Motion defeated by moving the previous Question — Affairs of Portugal — Effects of the late Change — Oxford Commemoration — Peel's Declaration — Festival in Westminster Abbey — Don Carlos on his way to Spain — Stanley's 'Thimble-rig' Speech — Resignation of Lord Grey — Mr. Greville's account of the Causes of his Retirement — The Government reconstituted by Lord Melbourne — Lord Duncannon Secretary of State


Taylor's 'Philip Van Artevelde' — Goodwood — Earl Bathurst's Death — Death of Mrs. Arbuthnot — Overtures to O'Connell — Irish Tithe Bill — Theodore Hook's Improvisation — Lord Westmeath's Case in the Privy Council — First Council of Lord Melbourne's Government and Prorogation — Brougham's Vagaries — Lord Durham's Exclusion — The Edinburgh Dinner — Windsor and Meiningen — Spencer Perceval — Lord Grey's Retirement — The Westmeath Case again — The Queen's Return — Melbourne and Tom Young — Holland House — Reflections — Conversation on the Poets — Miscellaneous Chat — Lord Melbourne's Literary Attainments — Lord Holland's Anecdotes of Great Orators — Execution of Charles I. — Lord Melbourne's Opinion of Henry VIII. — The 'Times' attacks Lord Brougham — His Tour in Scotland — His Unpopularity — Cowper's Secret — Canning on Reform — Lord Melbourne on Palmerston and Brougham — Canning and Brougham in 1827 — Senior — Lord Melbourne and the Benthamites — His Theology — Spanish Eloquence — The Harley Papers — The Turf — Death of Lord Spencer — The Westmeath Case heard — Law Appointments — Bickersteth — Louis Philippe's Postion


Fall of Lord Melbourne's Government — History and Causes of this Event — An Intrigue — Effect of the Coup at Holland House — The Change of Government — The two Camps — The King's Address to the New Ministers — The Duke's Account of the Transaction — And Lord Lyndhurst's — Difficult Position of the Tories — Their Policy — The Duke in all the Offices — Negotiation with Mr. Barnes — Power of the 'Times' — Another Address of the King — Brougham offers to be Lord Chief Baron — Mr. Barnes dines with Lord Lyndhurst — Whig View of the Recent Change — Liberal Views of the Tory Ministers — The King resolved to support them — Another Account of the Interview between the King and Lord Melbourne — Lord Stanley's Position — Sydney Smith's Preaching at St. Paul's — Lord Duncannon and Lord Melbourne — Relations of the four Seceders to Peel — Young Disraeli — Lord Melbourne's Speeches at Derby — Lord John Russell's Speech at Totness — The Duke of Wellington's Inconsistencies and Conduct


Sir R. Peel arrives — The First Council — The King's Address — Lord Stanley and Sir J. Graham decline to join the Government — Lord Wharncliffe and Sir E. Knatchbull join — The Ministers sworn in — Peel's Address to his Constituents — Dinner at the Mansion House — Offer to Lord Roden — Prospects of the Election — Stanley's Want of Influence — Pozzo di Borgo's Views — Russia and England — Nomination of Lord Londonderry to St Petersburg — Parliament dissolved — State of the Constituencies — A Governor-General for India — Sebastiani and St. Aulaire — Anecdote of Princess Metternich — The City Elections — Lord Lyndhurst's View of the Government — Violence of the Opposition — Close Contest at Rochester — Sidney Herbert — Sir John Hobhouse's Views — Anecdotes — County Elections — The Queen supposed to be with Child — Church Reform — Dinner of Ministers — Story of La Roncière — The King's Crotchets


The Speakership — Temporary Houses of Parliament — Church Reform — Dissenters' Marriage Bill — Peel's False Position — Burke — Palmerstons Talents as a Man of Business and Unpopularity — Sympathy of Continental Courts with the Tories — Abercromby elected Speaker — Defeat of the Government — Tactics of the Opposition — The Speaker does not dine with Peel — Meeting of Stanley's Friends — Debate on the Address — Lord John Russell leads the Opposition — The Stanley Party — Second Defeat of the Government — Peel's Ability — The Lichfield House Meeting — Debate on Lord Londonderry's Appointment — His Speech in the Lords and Resignation — Sir E. Sugden resigns the Great Seal of Ireland — Lady Canterbury — Brougham in the House of Lords — Peel's Readiness and Courage — Lord Canterbury and Stratford Canning proposed for Canada — Approaching Fall of the Peel Government — Meetings of the Opposition — Further Defeat — Sir Robert Peel's own View of the State of Affairs — He resigns


Lord Grey and Sir James Graham express Conservative Views — Opinions of Lord Stanley — Lord Grey sees the King, but is not asked to resume Office — Lord Melbourne's Second Administration — His Moderation — A Difficulty — Spring Rice — A Joyless Victory — Exclusion of Brougham — The New Cabinet — Lord John Russell defeated in Devonshire — Lord Alvanley and 0'Connell — Duel with Morgan O'Connell — Lord Wellesley resigns the Lord Stewardship — The Eliot Convention — Swift v Kelly — The Kembles — London University Charter discussed at the Privy Council — Corporation Reform — Formation of the Conservative Party — The King's Habits — Secretaryship of Jamaica — Lord Melbourne's Tithe Bill — The Pope rejects the Recommendation of the British Government — Relations with Rome — Carlists and Christinos in Spain — Walcheren — The King's Address to Sir Charles Grey — Stanley and Graham cross the House — Failure of Stanley's Tactics — Alava and the Duke of Cumberland — A Sinecure Placeman — Lord Glenelg and the King — Concert at Stafford House — The King's Aversion to his Ministers and to the Speaker — Decision on the Secretaryship of Jamaica — Archbishop Whateley — Irish Church Bill — Payment of Catholic Clergy — Peel and Lord John Russell — Factious Conduct of Tory Peers — The King's Violence — Debate on the Corporation Bill


Resistance of the Lords — Duke of Richmond — Happiness — Struggle between Lords and Commons — Peel keeps aloof — Inconsistency of the Whigs on the Irish Church Bill — Violent Language in the Lords — Lord John Russell and Peel pass the Corporation Bill — Dissolution of the Tory Party foreseen — Meeting of Peeers to consider the Amendments — King's Speech in Council on the Militia — Lord Howick's Bitterness against the Lords — Lord Lyndhurst's Opinion of the Corporation Bill — The King's Language on the Regency — Talleyrand's View of the English Alliance — Comparison of Burke and Mackintosh — The St. Leger — Visit of Princess Victoria to Burghley — O'Connell's Progress through Scotland — Mackintosh's Life


Emperor Nicholas's Speech at Warsaw — His Respect for Opinion in England — Burdett proposes the Expulsion of 0'Connell from Brooks's — Club Law — George Villiers at Madrid — Lord Segrave Lord- Lieutenant of Gloucestershire — Dispute between France and America — Allen's Account of Mackintosh and Melbourne — Prolongation of a Patent — Should Dr. Arnold be made a Bishop? — Frederic Elliot — O'Connell's mischievous influence — Bretby — Chesterfield MSS. — The Portfolio — Lord Cottenham and Lord Langdale — Opening of Parliament — The Judicial Committee — Poulett Thomson at the Board of Trade — Mr. Perceval's Interviews with the Ministers — Prospects of the Tories — Lord Stanley's Relations to them — Holland House Anecdotes — Mischievous Effects of the Division on his Address — The Youth of Macaulay — Brougham and Macaulay — Lord William Bentinck — Review of Sir R. Peel's Conduct — Dr. Hampden's Appointment — The Orange Lodges


Moore and O'Connell — Defeat of the Opposition — The Carlow Election — Lord Alvanley's Speech to the Tory Peers — Norton v. Lord Melbourne — Catastrophe after Epsom — Mendizabal and Queen Christina — Lord John Russell's Moderation in the Ecclesiastical Commission — Theatricals at Bridgewater House — Irish Church — Ministerial Difficulties — Deplorable State of Spain — What was thought of Lord Palmerston in 1836 — Weakness of Goyemment — Lord Lyndhurst's Summary of the Session — Balance of Parties — Lady Augusta Kennedy's Marriage — King's Speech to Princess Victoria — Revolution of La Granja — Rudeness of the King to Ministers — Irritation of the King at the Duchess of Kent — Scene at Windsor on the King's Birthday — Prince Esterhazy's View of the Affairs of Europe — Emperor Nicholas at Vienna- — Crisis in Trade — State of the Court at Viennia — Duc de Reichstadt


Crisis in the City — The Chancellor of the Exchequer — A Journey to Paris — Lord Lyndhurst in Paris — Princess Lieven — Parties in France — Berryer — The Strasburg Conspirators — Rotten State of France — Presentation at the Tuileries — Ball at the Tuileries — Bal Musard — Lord Granville — The Duc de Broglie — Position of the Dus d'Orléans — Return to England — Conservative Reaction — Sheil's Tirade against Lord Lyndhurst — Lyndhurst as a Tory Leader — Angry Debate on Church Rates — The Government on the Brink of Resignation — Sir R. Peel's Prospects — The King and Lord Aylmer — Death of Mrs. Fitzherbert — Ministerial Compromise — Westminster Election — Majority of the Princess Victoria — The King's Illness — The King's Letter to the Princess — Preparations for the Council — Sir R Peel on the Prospects of the New Reign — Prayers ordered for the King's Recovery — Affairs of Lord Ponsonby — Death of King William IV. — First Council of Queen Victoria — The Queen proclaimed — Character of William IV.


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Last modified 12 May, 2017

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