British Foreign Policy 1815-65

I am happy that you are using this web site and hope that you found it useful. Unfortunately, the cost of making this material freely available is increasing, so if you have found the site useful and would like to contribute towards its continuation, I would greatly appreciate it. Click the button to go to Paypal and make a donation.


Nicholas I - Czar of all the Russias

This document has been copied from its primary location on The Victorian Web.


Czar Nicholas I Nicholas IThe Tsar in question was Nicholas I who had come to the throne of Russia in 1825 on the death of his brother Alexander I. Constantin Grunwald describes him thus:

With his height of more than six feet, his head always held high, a slightly aquiline nose, a firm and well-formed mouth under a light moustache, a square chin, an imposing domineering set face,m noble rather than tender, monumental rather than human, he had something of Apollo and Jupiter ... Nicholas was unquestionably the most handsome man in Europe

Constantin Grunwald, Tsar Nicholas I (New York, 1955), p. 154.

Nicholas was an autocrat and was of the opinion that he alone spoke for Russia. He was determined to extend Russia's influence in Europe and saw himself as the God-appointed defender of Orthodox Christianity. In the early 1850s this brought him in to direct conflict with the Roman Catholic French. Nicholas also attempted to gain influence over the Porte - the administration of the Ottoman Empire and court of the Sultan in Constantinople. This brought Nicholas into conflict with the British who feared a Russian fleet in the Mediterranean.

It was Nicholas who took Russia into the Crimean War. In 1854 he said that he would let 'Generals January and February' kill the Allied forces and then he would provide a three decker to the remains of the English Army to go home in, in the Spring.

Nicholas I died on 2 March 1855, of a chill that he caught while visiting his troops in the Crimea.


Meet the web creator

These materials may be freely used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with applicable statutory allowances and distribution to students.
Re-publication in any form is subject to written permission.

Last modified 12 January, 2016

The Age of George III Home Page

Ministerial Instability 1760-70

Lord North's Ministry 1770-82

American Affairs 1760-83

The period of peace 1783-92

The Age of the French Wars 1792-1815 Irish Affairs 1760-89

Peel Web Home Page

Tory Governments 1812-30

Political Organisations in the Age of Peel

Economic Affairs in the Age of Peel

Popular Movements in the Age of Peel

Irish Affairs
1789-1850
 
Primary sources index British Political Personalities British Foreign policy 1815-65 European history
index sitemap advanced
search engine by freefind